Results Day Information


Guide for Parents/ Carers: Centre-Assessed Grades

The decision by the Government to replace exams with Centre Assessed Grades has been very unsettling for students and families. Throughout this process our overriding aim has been to be fair to students and to do everything we can to make sure they are not disadvantaged in taking the next steps in their education.

This document gives you more information about how Centre Assessed Grades (CAGs) have been awarded for each subject and how this information will be moderated by the exam boards and Ofqual.


What is a Centre Assessed Grade (CAG)?

A Centre Assessed Grade is the grade a school/college believes a student would have achieved if teaching and learning had continued as normal for the rest of the academic year and exams had been sat as normal.


How were the Centre Assessed Grades decided by School?

The exam boards asked all schools to submit two pieces of information for each individual subject a student was entered for. These were:


  • The grade they believed students were most likely to get if teaching, learning and exams had happened as normal.


  • A rank order of students by performance for each grade in the individual subject.


We considered a range of evidence to help us produce this information. This included:


  • the quality of classwork and homework

  • results in assignments and mock exams

  • any non-exam assessment or coursework that had been completed 

  • general progress throughout each course. 


This information was then reviewed and moderated within school to ensure that the grades we submitted for each student were robust, and in line with our expectations. 

It is important to remember that we did not simply use the last piece of graded work we had for a student. We used the totality of the information described above to arrive at the CAG. 

We have not considered any work completed after national school closures happened. The Department for Education made it clear that any work completed after 20 March should not be considered in the CAG process. This was to avoid students who were not able to complete work at home being disadvantaged. 

The process we have used to determine CAGs has been robust and fully meets the guidance from Ofqual and exam boards.


How was the CAG process moderated in school?


The following steps were followed for all subject areas:


  1. Teaching members of staff estimated a current grade for all students immediately prior to the lockdown.


  1. Each individual class teacher then reviewed these grades using the evidence described above. This resulted in them giving students the overall grade they were most likely to have achieved.  These judgements took into account that some students would have had access arrangements in place for their exams. Where this was the case, the Centre Assessed Grade assumed all access arrangements were in place as if exams had happened as normal.

  2. Department teams reviewed and moderated the gradings of their students to ensure that all teachers had followed the same process.


  1. Departments worked together to rank order the students within each grade in each subject. 


  1. Moderation meetings were held between a member of the Senior Leadership Team and each Head of Department. These meetings used the Results Analysis Tool from the Fischer Family Trust (FFT) to test the moderation process and to agree final Centre Assessed Grades. FFT is an organisation that provides statistical data and analysis to support schools in reviewing their exam data and results each year. It provides robust data that is evidence based.


  1. The grading and moderation process was quality assured by members of the Senior Leadership Team.


  1. Results were submitted to exam boards after being double checked by two members of staff.


How will Centre Assessed Grades be used to calculate final exam grades for students?


This information will now be used by exam boards and Ofqual to standardise grades nationally across schools and colleges. This is to make sure that results are as fair as possible. This process should also ensure that students are not advantaged or disadvantaged because their school/ college is more generous or harsh than others when grading GCSE, BTEC and A Level subjects. 


Ofqual and the exam boards  will consider the following information when deciding a student’s final grade in each subject:

  • The CAG grades and the rank order submitted by each school

  • Individual KS2 results data for each student

  • Each school’s historical data (for GCSE this is the previous two academic years)

  • Specific subject performance within a school’s historic results 

  • The expected national grade distribution for each subject 


This process may result in the final grade awarded to students being different from the CAG submitted by school.


Any change to grades will happen at subject level and not at a whole school level.  We will not know if any of the grades we have submitted have been changed until we receive the results in school.


When will students get their results?


Students in Year 11 and Year 13 will receive their results on the national exam results days. These are: 


  • 13 August for Year 13 Students


  • 20 August for Year 11 Students 


At this stage, we are planning on students coming into school to collect their results; this may change if government guidance about social distancing changes. Once we have reviewed the most up to date information from the Government on 11 August we will update you about our plans.


Year 10 Students entered for GCSE RE this summer are able to collect their results from the school reception on 20 August from 11.00am. They will need to collect results in person and bring identification. 


What if someone believes the grade that has been awarded is incorrect or unfair?


Once the exam results are released to us, we will carefully check these against the Centre Assessed Grades and rankings we submitted. This will be to check for any clerical errors by the exam board. If we find any potential errors, we will appeal to the exam board to ask them to look into this. If this were to happen, we would inform any students who were impacted.


Ofqual have decided that individual appeals about results will only be possible in exceptional cases. This is because of the unique nature of this year’s exam series. Further information can be found in the document that Ofqual published on 30 June 2020


If a student is unhappy about a final grade(s)  they will have the opportunity to discuss this with members of staff who will advise them on next steps.


Students will have the opportunity to take resit exams in the Autumn Term. Ofqual have committed to running a full suite of resits. Further details about the resit exams will be released by Ofqual and exam boards in due course. We will update students and families about the resit exams once we have more information.